Authors : Mridula Das, Ujwal Bhattacharya, Pallabi Goswami, Urvashi Bhattacharya
Background: Cerebral Palsy children are at higher risk of psychological problems than other non-disabled children. This may result into problems in adjustment to their adverse circumstances as well as psychosocial factors related to have a brain based disability. These psychosocial issues can be the consequence of the permanent damage occurred in the brain. To screen the psychosocial effects the Pediatric Symptom Checklist (PSC) is used in various conditions like seizures, headache, thalassemia, dermatological conditions etc. As the PSC has not been used in Cerebral Palsy so this study aims in assessing the psychosocial issues using PSC in Cerebral palsy.
Methods: Children’s diagnosed with CP and those who fulfill the inclusion criteria are included in the study. The Pediatric Symptom Checklist questionnaire is administered to 100 samples taken in a convenience sampling manner and the outcome scoring is calculated.
Results: The data collected from 100 samples are analysed using SPSS software and Karl Pearson co-relation co–efficient test is done between the age and gender distribution to quantify the actual involvement. Subjects scoring above cut off score (i.e., 28) in PSC with p value considered <0.05. After calculating the K P Co-efficient the r value is found to be 0.8 which is highly significant suggesting the fact that Pediatric symptom checklist is an effective tool to evaluate psychosocial issues.
Conclusion: The results of this study supports the previous literature indicating prevalence of psychosocial problems in children with CP. There is positive co-relation found between CP and PSC. Children of age group between 6-16 years were found to have slightly lower score on PSC indicating prevalence of psychosocial issues. The results of the studies indicates that PSC is an effective tool to detect psycho social issues in Cerebral Palsy children. The outcome can be helpful in resolving the issues related with the mental attire both psychological and social of CP children.
Keywords: PSC – Pediatric symptom checklist, CP-Cerebral Palsy , QOL- Quality Of Life, Psychosocial problems.