Authors : Sirisha Nekkanti, B.Santhi
Background of the study: Impairment of motor functions of hand is common in stroke subjects and this leads to restriction of activities of daily life. So the purpose is to investigate the simultaneous effect of mirror therapy and electrical stimulation on functional recovery of hand in stroke subjects.
Methodology: 30 subjects which cerebrovascular accidents or stroke where selected for study and randomized into two groups. Experimental
group received mirror therapy to the normal hand and paretic hand which is placed behind the mirror received electrical stimulation to the wrist whereas control group received mirror therapy only for duration of 30 minutes a day for month.
Outcome Measures: pre and post test values of all the subjects were evaluated using Chedock arm and hand activity inventory.
Result: The results has revealed that there is significance noted in experimental (p=0.0222) when compared to control group. A significant difference was also observed in the outcome scale of within the group.
Conclusion: Improvement on functional recovery of hand was more in mirror therapy and electrical stimulation group when compared with mirror therapy alone .This might be due to simultaneous application of the mirror and electrical stimulation therapies that resulted in stronger activation of brain resulted in improved motor functions. So, in clinical practice it is advised to give treatment with both the therapies than mirror therapy alone.
Keywords: Mirror Therapy, Electrical Stimulation, Stroke, Functional Recovery of the Hand.