ISSN (Print): 0000 - 0000       ISSN (Online): 2455 - 4332      

Guidelines Reviewer

The review process is an important aspect of the publication process of an article. It helps an editor in making decision on an article and also enables the author to improve the manuscript.
AJHMR operates a blind peer review system.
Before accepting to review a manuscript reviewers should ensure that:
the manuscript is within their area of expertise.
they can dedicate the appropriate time to conduct a critical review of the manuscript.
Conflict of Interest
“Conflict of interest (COI) exists when there is a divergence between an individual’s private interests (competing interests) and his or her responsibilities to scientific and publishing activities such that a reasonable observer might wonder if the individual’s behavior or judgment was motivated by considerations of his or her competing interests” WAME.
”Reviewers should declare their conflicts of interest and recuse themselves from the peer-review process if a conflict exists”. ICMJE
Manuscripts are confidential materials given to a reviewer in trust for the sole purpose of critical evaluation. Reviewers should ensure that the review processes is confidential. Details of the manuscript and the review process should remain confidential during and after the review process.
‘The practice of taking someone else’s work or ideas and passing them off as one’s own’ Oxford Dictionaries
It is unethical for reviewers to “use information obtained during the peer-review process for their own or any other person’s or organization’s advantage, or to disadvantage or discredit others” COPE
Reviews should be honest and objective. Reviewers should not be influenced by:
The origin of the manuscript
Religious, political or cultural viewpoint of the author
Gender, race, ethnicity or citizenry of the author
Review reports
In evaluating a manuscript, reviewers should focus on the following:
Contribution to the field
Technical quality
Clarity of presentation
Depth of research
Reviewers should also:
Observe that the author(s) have followed the instruction for authors, editorial policies and publication ethics.
Observe that the appropriate journal’s reporting guidelines is followed
The report should be accurate, objective, constructive and unambiguous.  Comments should be backed by facts and constructive arguments with regards to the content of the manuscript. Reviewers should avoid using “hostile, derogatory and accusatory comments” PIE.
Reviewers should not rewrite the manuscript; however necessary corrections and suggestions for improvements should be made.
Reviewers should only accept manuscript that they are confident that they can dedicate appropriate time in reviewing. Thus, reviewers should review and return manuscripts in a timely manner.
Reviewers’ recommendation should be either:
Requires minor corrections
Requires moderate revision
Requires major revision
Not suitable for the journal. Submit to another publication such as (suggest a journal):
Recommendation should be backed with constructive arguments and facts based on the content of the manuscript.
P.I.E. Guidelines for Reviewers
COPE Ethical Guidelines for Peer Reviewers
ICMJE - Responsibilities in the Submission and Peer-Review Process
WAME - Conflict of Interest in Peer-Reviewed Medical Journals