ISSN (Print): 0000 - 0000       ISSN (Online): 2455 - 4332      

Author Instructions

                                                                            MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION

Manuscripts of original research should include introduction, methods, results and discussion sections. Articles often need subheadings within these sections to further their content. Manuscripts of Case reports may be less structured.

The following general requirements are required for reporting within sections of all study designs and manuscript formats.

Title page





Discussion and Conclusion





Title page:

General information about the article and its author should be presented in title page.

Article title: Title should provide complete description of article, information about the study design in case of experimental studies can be included in the title.

Author’s information must be provided in the title page which should include author and contributing authors name and working address. Principle authors email address should be provided.

Source of support: Authors are advised to disclose the source of support which includes grants, equipment and other support that facilitated the conduct of the study.

Disclaimer: The author should provide as a statement of disclaim that the views expressed in the article is his/her own and not the funders/institutions.

Abstract: The abstract should not exceed more than 250 words; Abstract should provide the back ground, meethods, results and conclusion. References should not be presented in the abstract.

Authors need to ensure that their abstract accurately reflect the content of the article because abstracts are the only substantive portions of the articles that are available in many electronic databases and the only portion readers read.

Authors need to provide clinical trial registration number if the study is registered. AJHMR will publish the clinical trial registration number after the abstract.  

Key words: 4 to 6 key terms representing the main content of the manuscript can be given which are used frequently in the manuscript.

Introduction: Author Should Provide the back ground of the study, state the specific purpose or study objective and cite only references from previous studies but should not include data or conclusion from the work being reported.

Methods: Method of study should clearly explain why and how the study has been conducted. The section should include only information that was available at the time of plan or protocol for the study was being written.

Author should state the selection of participants, eligibility and exclusive criteria, and source of population, Objectives of the study, outcome measures and procedure. 

Provide references to established methods and give the description of new or modified methods and give the reason for using them if ever so. Describe statistical methods, if possible quantify findings and present them with appropriate indicators of measurement errors. Define statistical terms, abbreviations, and symbols. Specify the statistical software package used for the study and versions used.

Results: The authors are advised to summarize the most important findings first and to avoid the repetition of results in text, tables and figures. Text for results should be in sequence with the tables and figures used.   Specify the statistical significance for each finding.

Discussion and conclusion: In the discussion section new and important aspects of the study should be emphasized. Experimental studies should begin with summarizing the main findings, then explore possible mechanisms or explanations for these findings, compare and contrast the results with other relevant studies. State the limitations of the study and explore the implications of findings for future research and clinical practice. Final Conclusion should be clear and supported by the data.

Tables and Graphs: Number tables and Graphs consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text and supply a title for each. eg., Table 1 or Graph 1. Title of the table/ graph should be short but self explanatory. Author should place explanatory matter at the foot notes and not in the heading.

If you use data from another published or unpublished source, obtain permission and acknowledge that source fully.

Illustrations: Digital images of manuscript illustrations should be submitted in JPEG, PNG formats. For X-ray films, scans, and other diagnostic images, as well as pictures of exercises, send high-resolution photographic image files.

Pictures should be numbered consecutively according to the order in which they have been cited in the text. Eg. Figure 1. If a Picture has been published previously, acknowledge the original source and submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce it.

Abbreviations or symbols: Please elaborate the standard abbreviation used in the manuscript. Try to avoid using abbreviations or symbols in the title of the manuscript.

Acknowledgement: Authors are encouraged to acknowledge the contributors in the preparation of manuscript from conception to the final drafting of the manuscript.     

References: References must be serially numbered and should be arranged in increasing order of number quoted in the text.   References should be quoted in the text in square brackets at the end of the sentence, eg: ………..institution [1].

  1. Standard Journal Article:

References should follow the following sequence

  1. The authors name must come first, list until six authors, more than six authors followed by et al.
  2. Reference Title
  3. Reference Journal
  4. Year of Publication
  5.  Volume number
  6. Addition of databases unique identifier for the citation at the end if available is optional
  7. Addition of clinical trial registration number at the end if available is optional


Trachtenberg F, Maserejian NN, Soncini JA, Hayes C, Tavares M. Does fluoride in compomers prevent future caries in children? J Dent Res. 2009 Mar;88(3):276-9. PubMed PMID: 19329464. registration number: NCT00065988.

  1. Organization as Author

Reference can have organization name instead of author name if organization possess the authorship.


Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Hypertension, insulin, and proinsulin in participants with impaired glucose tolerance. Hypertension. 2002;40(5):679-86.

  1. Article republished with corrections

Mansharamani M, Chilton BS. The reproductive importance of P-type ATPases. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2002;188(1-2):22-5. Corrected and republished from: Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2001;183(1-2):123-6.

  1. Books and other monographs:

In case Authors use reference from books, they should follow the following sequence

  1. Authors name
  2. Book name
  3. Edition number
  4. Year of publication


Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed; 2002.

  1. Chapter in a book:

If reference is taken from a chapter in a book, following sequence should be followed

  1. Authors name
  2. Reference Chapter name
  3. Editors name
  4. Reference text book
  5. Country and place of publication
  6. Year of publication


Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. p. 93-113

 The commonly cited types of references are shown here, for other types of references such as conference papers, dissertations, newspaper items please refer to ICMJE Guidelines ( or

Authors should provide direct references to the original research sources whenever possible, references of review articles do not always reflect original work accurately.

Do not use conference abstract as references, they can be cited in the text but not to be used as foot notes.

References to papers accepted but not yet published should be designated as “in press” or “forthcoming.”

Information from manuscripts submitted but not accepted should be cited in the text as “unpublished observations” with written permission from the source.

Authors are responsible for minimizing reference errors by using either an electronic bibliographic source such as Pubmed or print sources from original sources. Authors can identify retracted articles in MEDLINE by searching Pubmed for “retracted publication (Publication type)”, or by going directly to Pubmed list of retracted publications ( type) ).

Fonts and Styles

In the preparation of manuscript the given fonts and styles should be considered 

Title of the Manuscript – Times New Roman size 14

Authors name Contact details – Times New Roman size 10 Italic   

Content of the manuscript - Times New Roman size 10

Content sub headings - Times New Roman size 11

Acknowledgment – Times New Roman size 10 italic

Reference – Times new roman size 10. Authors name italic, year and volume number bold.


Authors are requested to send their Manuscript along with the following forms

Completed journal submission form,

Authorship form,

Copyright form

Conflict of interest form